One of the main differences between renewable electricity generation and fossil fuel-based electricity generation is its ability to produce energy locally. It is an outstanding property of renewable energy, especially solar energy, which has led to its widespread use. Due to this reason, it is sometimes called the decentralization generation of renewable energy.
Decentralization or local energy production is greatly Manifested in building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) and vehicle integrated photovoltaic (VIPV). These two options not only lower the dependency of electricity demand to the grid electricity but also reduce the power loss in transmission lines of the grid.
BIPV means utilizing a building‘s envelope such as facades and rooftops to integrate and balance energy consumption and production systems in line with its green goals.
The Idea of a solar-powered vehicle or Vehicle Integrated PhotoVoltaic (VIPV) is not new. It dates back to the 31st of August in 1955 when William G. Cobb, a GM engineer revealed the world’s first VIPV prototype at the General Motors Powerama auto show held in Chicago, Illinois. Today there are several attempts to create solar cars such as Lightyear, Sion, and so on.
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