Dr. Andreas Bett, director of Fraunhofer ISE, stated “Floating PV (FPV) power plants are a relatively new concept, which holds a large potential for electricity generation worldwide, not least because it allows a land-neutral expansion of photovoltaic capacity”. As of September of 2018, global floating solar installation capacity surpassed 1 GW that indicated a huge massive growth compared to the four years before, 10 MW at the end of 2014. The FPV appears to be the answer to land scarcity in Europe in order to fight against climate change.
Germany has almost 500 open-cast ponds with a total area of 47,251 hectares mostly in its eastern states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony. The greatest potential exists in Lusatia and Central Germany. “The project team estimates the total economically exploitable potential for floating PV power plants at 4.9% of the theoretical sea area, which corresponds to an installed capacity of 2.74 GWp in Germany, according to Fraunhofer ISE.
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